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Four years ago the Institute of Tectonics and Geophysics of the Far Eastern Research Center of the USSR Academy of Sciences was set up in Khabarovsk, in the Soviet Far East. It is the Soviet Union's only research establishment of this type. Before the founding of the Institute of Tectonics, specialists in tectonics were scattered throughout various institutes.

The Far East was chosen as the location for this institute because volcanism, high seismicity, and intensive tectonic movements are most apparent in the continental shelf region there. Along with the Aleutian, Japanese, Philippine, and other island arcs this zone forms a part of the fiery belt of the Pacific Ocean.