Although it is widely accepted that federal budgets will be cut during the next year, it is apparent now that R & D support will remain strong for FY 1981. The National Science Foundation's overall budget has been increased by 8% for FY 1981. NASA R & D has gained 7% on its budget. The Department of Commerce R & D budget has been increased by 6%. The huge increases are among the military and defense agencies, some amounting to as much as 37% (Air Force), with an average DOD R & D increase of 19%. The table lists the increases by agency.