Volcano organization formed



The past decade was an unusually eventful one for volcanology, with the 1973 eruption on Heimaey, Iceland, the 1976–1977 rumblings of the Soufrière Volcano on Guadeloupe, the huffing and puffing of Iceland's Krafla Volcano in 1975, the many eruptions of Mount Etna in Sicily in the 1970s, and the reawakening of Mount St. Helens in 1980 in the United States. In addition to their scientific duties, volcanologists have had to play an important social role as advisors to administrators. For example, the political decision to evacuate Guadeloupe exposed French volcanologists to scrutiny more severe than previously experienced by members of the profession. These volcanologists met the challenge by completely reorganizing their volcano observatories and by increasing their volcano research.