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Geomagnetics and Scientific Institutions in 19th Century America

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Abstract

The earth's magnetism was a subject of intense interest among America's most prominent scientists in the middle of the 19th century. By 1850 they had helped to create an international network of cooperation for its observation. They had founded three magnetic observatories and were planning a fourth for the fledgling Smithsonian Institution. Yet by the mid-1860's, none of these observatories remained in operation.

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