Wind-profiling Doppler radars for tropical atmospheric research



The past decade has seen a rapid increase in the use of wind profilers in atmospheric research [Gage, 1990]. Briefly, wind profilers are Doppler radars that observe winds from Doppler shifts of “clear air” atmospheric echoes. The atmospheric echoes arise from backscattering from turbulent irregularities in the radio refractive index of the atmosphere. Wind profilers operate at several VHF and UHF frequencies, notably in the vicinity of 50, 405, and 915 MHz. Since they measure the radial component of the wind, they can be used to monitor vertical as well as horizontal motions by using antennas phased to look sequentially in several directions.