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While the U.S. government is paring its budget for science, the Japanese cabinet recently announced a plan to spend $170 billion on science over the next 5 years. According to a report in Science, Japan's Council for Science and Technology recommended in June that the nation's investment in science should grow to nearly 1% of the gross national product (the United States currently spends about 1% of its GNP on science). The plan would effectively double the $21 billion the Japanese government spent on research in 1992; Japan will spend roughly $27 billion in 1996.