Tectonics and Magmatism in Turkey and the Surrounding Area



Turkey is a country with a very complex geologic evolution, dominated mostly by the opening and closing of the Tethyan Oceans: Prototethys, Paleotethys, and Neotethys. This complexity can become obvious even when one examines a generalized geological map of Turkey Striking features of such a map include the presence of many ophiolitic rocks, at least three suture zones, and other continent-continent collision-related structures and basins. The tectonics of Turkey is also complicated by post-collisional structures such as the Aegean continental extension; the North and East Anatolian strike slip fault zones; and the central Anatolian interior basins.