Special Section: Methane Biogeochemistry
Sources of atmospheric methane in the south Florida environment
Article first published online: 21 SEP 2012
Copyright 1988 by the American Geophysical Union.
Global Biogeochemical Cycles
Volume 2, Issue 3, pages 231–243, September 1988
How to Cite
1988), Sources of atmospheric methane in the south Florida environment, Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 2(3), 231–243, doi:10.1029/GB002i003p00231., , , , and (
- Issue published online: 21 SEP 2012
- Article first published online: 21 SEP 2012
- Manuscript Accepted: 21 MAR 1988
- Manuscript Received: 13 NOV 1987
Direct measurement of methane (CH4) flux from wetland ecosystems of south Florida demonstrates that freshwater wet prairies and inundated sawgrass marsh are the dominant sources of atmospheric CH4 in the region. Fluctuations in soil moisture are an important environmental factor controlling both seasonal and interannual fluctuations in CH4 emissions from undisturbed wetlands. Land use estimates for 1900 and 1973 were used to calculate regional CH4 flux. Human settlement in south Florida has modified wetland sources of CH4, reducing the natural prairies and marsh sources by 37%. During the same period, impoundments and disturbed wetlands were created which produce CH4 at rates approximately 50% higher than the natural wetlands they replaced. Preliminary estimates of urban and ruminant sources of CH4 based on extrapolation from literature data indicate these sources may now contribute approximately 23% of the total regional source. We estimate that the integrated effects of urban and agricultural development in south Florida between 1900 and 1973 resulted in a 26% enhancement in CH4 flux to the troposphere.