Satellite sweeping of electrons at Neptune and Uranus



Knowledge of satellite sweeping parameters at Neptune and Uranus, and of their functional dependences on particle energy and pitch angle, can be critical in the proper identification of parent absorbers for observed absorption signatures in regions where OTD (Offset, Tilted Dipole) models are valid representations of the measured magnetic fields. In this paper, we calculate critical electron energies for longitudinal drift resonance, snowplow (i.e., strong) absorption, leapfrog, and corkscrew effects, using a reduced version of OTD that neglects nonaxial dipole offsets. Earlier analytic work on sweeping rates is extended to give the radial dependence of these rates the minimum-L region and to set limits on diffusion of electrons with the simplifying approximation that leapfrog effects are ignored.