Some Observations of Chloride-Sulfate Relationships in the Atmosphere and in Precipitation

  1. Helmut Weickmann
  1. James P. Lodge

Published Online: 18 MAR 2013

DOI: 10.1029/GM005p0252

Physics of Precipitation: Proceedings of the Cloud Physics Conference, Woods Hole, Massachusetts, June 3-5, 1959

Physics of Precipitation: Proceedings of the Cloud Physics Conference, Woods Hole, Massachusetts, June 3-5, 1959

How to Cite

Lodge, J. P. (1960) Some Observations of Chloride-Sulfate Relationships in the Atmosphere and in Precipitation, in Physics of Precipitation: Proceedings of the Cloud Physics Conference, Woods Hole, Massachusetts, June 3-5, 1959 (ed H. Weickmann), American Geophysical Union, Washington D. C.. doi: 10.1029/GM005p0252

Author Information

  1. Robert A. Taft Sanitary Engineering Center, U.S. Public Health Service, Cincinnati, Ohio

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 18 MAR 2013
  2. Published Print: 1 JAN 1960

Book Series:

  1. Geophysical Monograph Series

Book Series Editors:

  1. Waldo E. Smith

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780875900056

Online ISBN: 9781118668931

SEARCH

Keywords:

  • Air pollution;
  • Chloride-sulfate;
  • Data and interpretation;
  • Oceans, mean atmosphere and human activity;
  • U.S. Public Health Service

Summary

A series of measurements, including the determination of chloride and sulfate in particulate matter, were made at a U.S. Coast Guard weather ship midway between Honolulu and San Francisco. Even in this extremely isolated location, the sulfate concentration frequently exceeded the chloride. In the light of this finding, chloride-sulfate relationships were examined for a number of other remote stations; published data in the literature have also been studied. The chloride-sulfate regression lines were found to vary markedly in slope and intercept. There appears to be a definite relationship between chloride and sulfate concentrations; however, the nature of the relationship varies markedly with location. An interpretation is offered, based upon a three-source model.