Relationship of Petrographic Suites in Hawaii

  1. Gordon A. Macdonald and
  2. Hisashi Kuno
  1. Gordon A. Macdonald1 and
  2. Takashi Katsura2

Published Online: 21 MAR 2013

DOI: 10.1029/GM006p0187

The Crust of the Pacific Basin

The Crust of the Pacific Basin

How to Cite

Macdonald, G. A. and Katsura, T. (1962) Relationship of Petrographic Suites in Hawaii, in The Crust of the Pacific Basin (eds G. A. Macdonald and H. Kuno), American Geophysical Union, Washington, D. C.. doi: 10.1029/GM006p0187

Author Information

  1. 1

    University of Hawaii, Honolulu, Hawaii

  2. 2

    Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 21 MAR 2013
  2. Published Print: 1 JAN 1962

Book Series:

  1. Geophysical Monograph Series

Book Series Editors:

  1. Waldo E. Smith

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780875900063

Online ISBN: 9781118669310



  • Crystal differentiation;
  • Hawaiian volcanic activity;
  • Olivine phenocrysts;
  • Petrographic Suites in Hawaii;
  • Tholeiites


The ‘primitive' lavas that constitute the major portions of the Hawaiian shield volcanoes are all members of the tholeiitic suite. No consistent differences exist between the tholeiitic rocks of volcanoes that later produced hawaiite and those that produced mugearite. Intergradation in chemical composition between the tholeiitic rocks and the later, far less abundant rocks of the alkalic suite, and interbedding of the two types in the contact zone, suggest that the alkalic rocks have been derived from a tholeiitic parent magma. Crystal differentiation is probably the dominant process, but such factors as volatile transfer and thermodiffusion may play a part.