Seismic Refraction Study of the Internal Structure of a Volcanic Cinder Cone

  1. Leon Knopoff,
  2. Charles L. Drake and
  3. Pembroke J. Hart
  1. Augustine S. Furumoto and
  2. Wm. Mansfield Adams

Published Online: 18 MAR 2013

DOI: 10.1029/GM012p0112

The Crust and Upper Mantle of the Pacific Area

The Crust and Upper Mantle of the Pacific Area

How to Cite

Furumoto, A. S. and Adams, Wm. M. (2012) Seismic Refraction Study of the Internal Structure of a Volcanic Cinder Cone, in The Crust and Upper Mantle of the Pacific Area (eds L. Knopoff, C. L. Drake and P. J. Hart), American Geophysical Union, Washington, D. C.. doi: 10.1029/GM012p0112

Author Information

  1. Hawaii Institute of Geophysics, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, Hawaii

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 18 MAR 2013
  2. Published Print: 20 APR 2012

Book Series:

  1. Geophysical Monograph Series

Book Series Editors:

  1. Waldo E. Smith

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780875900124

Online ISBN: 9781118663738

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Keywords:

  • Aplanatic surface method;
  • Fixed geophone;
  • Mauna Kea volcano;
  • Puu Poliahu;
  • Seismic refraction survey;
  • Short reversed profile;
  • Travel time data;
  • Volcanic cinder cone

Summary

The summit cone of Mauna Kea volcano, Hawaii, was probed by seismic methods in a search for possible solid layers on which an astronomical observatory could be constructed. The method of aplanatic surfaces was used to analyze and interpret the data, as conventional refraction travel-time curvee were inconclusive. Three zones were detected in the interior of the summit cone, but none of the zones showed seismic velocities high enough to suggest solid material. This seismic survey perhaps holds the world's record for high altitude in seismic traverses.