Developments in Volcanic Gas Research in Hawaii

  1. Leon Knopoff,
  2. Charles L. Drake and
  3. Pembroke J. Hart
  1. J. Bruce Finlayson,
  2. I. Lynus Barnes and
  3. John J. Naughton

Published Online: 18 MAR 2013

DOI: 10.1029/GM012p0428

The Crust and Upper Mantle of the Pacific Area

The Crust and Upper Mantle of the Pacific Area

How to Cite

Bruce Finlayson, J., Lynus Barnes, I. and Naughton, J. J. (2012) Developments in Volcanic Gas Research in Hawaii, in The Crust and Upper Mantle of the Pacific Area (eds L. Knopoff, C. L. Drake and P. J. Hart), American Geophysical Union, Washington, D. C.. doi: 10.1029/GM012p0428

Author Information

  1. Chemistry Department And Hawaii Institute of Geophysics University of Hawaii Honolulu, Hawaii

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 18 MAR 2013
  2. Published Print: 20 APR 2012

Book Series:

  1. Geophysical Monograph Series

Book Series Editors:

  1. Waldo E. Smith

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780875900124

Online ISBN: 9781118663738

SEARCH

Keywords:

  • Drill holes;
  • Gas chromatographic analysis;
  • Hawaii;
  • Kilauea Iki;
  • Lava lake;
  • Molten lava-lake;
  • Volcanic gas research

Summary

Gases have been collected from the surface of a Hawaiian lava lake during recent eruptions, and from holes drilled through the solid crusts of these lakes. The gases and accompanying sublimates have been analyzed by a variety of techniques, and changes in gaseous composition during the cooling and solidification of the lava lake have been followed. A progressive depletion of carbon and sulfur gases with time is noted. These changes seem to be associated with the relative solubilities of the gaseous components in the rock melt. Reasons for the variability in sample composition were investigated, and the relationship of the sample collected to primary magmatic gases is discussed.