The Energization of Plasma in the Magnetosphere: Hydromagnetic and Particle-Drift Approaches
Published Online: 17 MAR 2013
Copyright © 1974 by the American Geophysical Union.
The Upper Atmosphere in Motion
How to Cite
Hines, C. O. (2013) The Energization of Plasma in the Magnetosphere: Hydromagnetic and Particle-Drift Approaches, in The Upper Atmosphere in Motion, American Geophysical Union, Washington, D. C.. doi: 10.1029/GM018p0978
- Published Online: 17 MAR 2013
- Published Print: 1 JAN 1974
Print ISBN: 9780875900186
Online ISBN: 9781118663578
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Large-scale electric fields exist in the magnetosphere, capable of convecting the low-energy plasma that exists there and perturbing the trajectories of the high-energy particles. Both the plasma and the particles undergo energy changes as a result. These changes may be described hydromagnetically, with the aid of thermodynamic concepts, or on the basis of particle-drift theory. The present paper demonstrates that these two approaches are quite equivalent on the differential scale, and that some degree of equivalence can be maintained on the integral scale.