Kristia Birkeland: the Man and the Scientist

  1. Thomas A. Potemra
  1. Alv Egeland

Published Online: 21 MAR 2013

DOI: 10.1029/GM028p0001

Magnetospheric Currents

Magnetospheric Currents

How to Cite

Egeland, A. (1984) Kristia Birkeland: the Man and the Scientist, in Magnetospheric Currents (ed T. A. Potemra), American Geophysical Union, Washington, D. C.. doi: 10.1029/GM028p0001

Author Information

  1. Laboratory for Extraterrestrial Physics, NASA/GSFC, Greenbelt, MD 20771 Institute of Physics, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 21 MAR 2013
  2. Published Print: 1 JAN 1984

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780875900551

Online ISBN: 9781118664131



  • Magnetospheric currents—Congresses;
  • Plasma instabilities—Congresses


  • Background

  • Birkeland's First Years in Research

  • Birkeland's Auroral Work

  • The Discovery of the Polar Elementary Storm

  • How Birkeland Explained Polar Elementary Storms and Deduced Auroral Electric Currents

  • Glimpses of Birkeland as a Human Being