Solar Flares

  1. C. T. Russell,
  2. E. R. Priest and
  3. L. C. Lee
  1. Harold Zirin

Published Online: 21 MAR 2013

DOI: 10.1029/GM058p0033

Physics of Magnetic Flux Ropes

Physics of Magnetic Flux Ropes

How to Cite

Zirin, H. (1990) Solar Flares, in Physics of Magnetic Flux Ropes (eds C. T. Russell, E. R. Priest and L. C. Lee), American Geophysical Union, Washington, D. C.. doi: 10.1029/GM058p0033

Author Information

  1. Big Bear Solar Observatory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 21 MAR 2013
  2. Published Print: 1 JAN 1990

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780875900261

Online ISBN: 9781118663868



  • Solar photosphere;
  • Magnetic flux;
  • Astrophysics


We discuss the general characteristics of solar flares. They are a spectacular energy release arising from development of magnetic strain and shear resulting from eruption of new magnetic flux near old. The release of magnetic energy is channeled into hard electrons and possibly nucleons which produce a series of other effects. We point out that the ultimate source of the magnetic complexity that produces flares is deep in the Sun. A number of examples are given, and the difference between various types of flares is discussed.