Substorms and Flux Rope Structures

  1. C. T. Russell,
  2. E. R. Priest and
  3. L. C. Lee
  1. Wolfgang Baumjohann and
  2. Gerhard Haerendel

Published Online: 21 MAR 2013

DOI: 10.1029/GM058p0627

Physics of Magnetic Flux Ropes

Physics of Magnetic Flux Ropes

How to Cite

Baumjohann, W. and Haerendel, G. (1990) Substorms and Flux Rope Structures, in Physics of Magnetic Flux Ropes (eds C. T. Russell, E. R. Priest and L. C. Lee), American Geophysical Union, Washington, D. C.. doi: 10.1029/GM058p0627

Author Information

  1. Max-Planck-Institut für Extraterrestrische Physik, D-8046 Garching, FRG

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 21 MAR 2013
  2. Published Print: 1 JAN 1990

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780875900261

Online ISBN: 9781118663868



  • Solar photosphere;
  • Magnetic flux;
  • Astrophysics


The magnetospheric substorm comprises directly driven dissipation as well as sudden unloading of energy. The global behavior of the geomagnetic tail during the substorm expansion phase can be understood in the framework of a revised near-Earth neutral line model. However, none of the presently available substorm models yet includes a coherent interpretation of some of the smaller scale features observed during substorms, namely current tubes observed in the auroral ionosphere and geostationary orbit as well as plasmoids and flux ropes detected in the near and distant tail.