11. The Validation of Geophysical Products Using Multisensor Data

  1. Frank D. Carsey
  1. Donald J. Cavalieri

Published Online: 18 MAR 2013

DOI: 10.1029/GM068p0233

Microwave Remote Sensing of Sea Ice

Microwave Remote Sensing of Sea Ice

How to Cite

Cavalieri, D. J. (1992) The Validation of Geophysical Products Using Multisensor Data, in Microwave Remote Sensing of Sea Ice (ed F. D. Carsey), American Geophysical Union, Washington, D. C.. doi: 10.1029/GM068p0233

Author Information

  1. Laboratory for Hydrospheric Processesgoddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Maryland 20771

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 18 MAR 2013
  2. Published Print: 1 JAN 1992

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780875900339

Online ISBN: 9781118663950

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Keywords:

  • Sea ice—Remote sensing;
  • Microwave remote sensing

Summary

Spaceborne passive microwave radiometers have provided global radiance measurements with which to map, monitor, and study the polar sea ice canopies. Almost two decades of satellite radiometer data have been collected since the launch of the Electrically Scanning Microwave Radiometer (ESMR) on the Nimbus 5 spacecraft in 1972. The advent of multichannel microwave sensors, starting with the Scanning Multichannel Microwave Radiometer (SMMR) on Seasat-A and Nimbus 7 in 1978 and continuing with the Defense Meteorological Satellite Program (DMSP) Special Sensor Microwave/Imager (SSM/I) in 1987, 1990, and 1991, has enabled not only more accurate determination of sea ice concentration, but has also extended the list of parameters to include ice type and temperature [Cavalieri et al., 1984; Gloersen et al., 1992].