How Does the Thermosphere and Ionosphere React to a Geomagnetic Storm?

  1. Bruce T. Tsurutani,
  2. Walter D. Gonzalez,
  3. Yohsuke Kamide and
  4. John K. Arballo
  1. T. J. Fuller-Rowell1,
  2. M. V. Codrescu1,
  3. R. G. Roble2 and
  4. A. D. Richmond2

Published Online: 23 MAR 2013

DOI: 10.1029/GM098p0203

Magnetic Storms

Magnetic Storms

How to Cite

Fuller-Rowell, T. J., Codrescu, M. V., Roble, R. G. and Richmond, A. D. (1997) How Does the Thermosphere and Ionosphere React to a Geomagnetic Storm?, in Magnetic Storms (eds B. T. Tsurutani, W. D. Gonzalez, Y. Kamide and J. K. Arballo), American Geophysical Union, Washington, D. C.. doi: 10.1029/GM098p0203

Author Information

  1. 1

    CIRES, University of Colorado and NOAA, Space Environment Center, Boulder, Colorado

  2. 2

    High Altitude Observatory, National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, Colorado

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 23 MAR 2013
  2. Published Print: 1 JAN 1997

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780875900803

Online ISBN: 9781118664612



  • Magnetic Storms


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • Observed Ionospheric Response

  • Magnetospheric Energy Sources

  • High Latitude Response

  • Global Thermospheric Wind Response

  • Thermospheric Composition Response

  • Modelled Ionospheric Response

  • Zonal Mean Response

  • Dynamo Effects of Disturbance Winds

  • Low Latitude Electrodynamics

  • Middle and Lower Atmosphere Response

  • Conclusions