Use of the three-dimensional covariance matrix in analyzing the polarization properties of plane waves
Article first published online: 20 SEP 2012
Copyright © 1972 by the American Geophysical Union.
Journal of Geophysical Research
Volume 77, Issue 28, pages 5551–5559, 1 October 1972
How to Cite
1972), Use of the three-dimensional covariance matrix in analyzing the polarization properties of plane waves, J. Geophys. Res., 77(28), 5551–5559, doi:10.1029/JA077i028p05551.(
- Issue published online: 20 SEP 2012
- Article first published online: 20 SEP 2012
- Manuscript Accepted: 3 JUL 1972
- Manuscript Received: 24 JAN 1972
A technique for analyzing the polarization properties of plane waves that offers a number of advantages over methods currently used in the analysis of both ground and satellite observations of waves is developed. This technique reduces the computations required to find the wave normal vector, is less sensitive to common noise sources, and is amenable to analog implementation. The technique here is applied specifically to the analysis of a proton whistler, but it can also be used in most studies of ULF, ELF, and VLF magnetic-wave phenomena.