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Departures from hydrostatic equilibrium in the global distribution of thermospheric argon


  • Joe M. Straus


This report describes the application of a three-dimensional two-component model to the distribution of argon in the upper atmosphere of the earth. The Cira (1972) model is used to specify the background gas density and the temperature as functions of altitude, latitude, local time, and day of the year. Emphasis is placed on examining the effects of departures from hydrostatic equilibrium on the argon density distribution. Such effects are found to be significant, producing a strong summer argon bulge. Comparisons of the model results with observational data are discussed.

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