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On the coexistence of kilometer- and meter-scale irregularities in the nighttime equatorial F region

Authors

  • Santimay Basu,

  • Sunanda Basu,

  • Jules Aarons,

  • J. P. McClure,

  • M. D. Cousins


Abstract

Nighttime multifrequency scintillation and 50-MHz radar backscatter observations simultaneously performed over a nearly common ionospheric volume at the dip equator in Peru during March 1977 were used to study the relationship between the large-scale irregularities (∼0.1–1 km) giving rise to scintillations and small-scale irregularities (3 m) causing 50-MHz backscatter. It is shown that during the generation phase of equatorial irregularities in the evening hours, the kilometer- and meter-scale irregularities coexist, whereas in the later phase, approximately an hour after the onset, the meter-scale irregularities decay but the large-scale ones continue to retain their high spectral intensities. Further, multistation scintillation observations from a host of geostationary satellites as well as from the Wideband satellite indicate that eastward-drifting irregularity structures detected around midnight cause significant scintillations at UHF and L band but generally fail to give rise to appreciable backscatter. Thus, contrary to expectations, it is possible to have even L band scintillations without any plume structure on backscatter maps. This indicates that at later local time a cutoff of the spectral intensity probably occurs at some scale length between 100 and 3 m. These observational results are discussed in the context of current theories of plasma instability in the equatorial ionosphere.

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