Freshwater and Atlantic water in the Kara Sea
Article first published online: 20 SEP 2012
Copyright 1980 by the American Geophysical Union.
Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans (1978–2012)
Volume 85, Issue C9, pages 4937–4942, 20 September 1980
How to Cite
1980), Freshwater and Atlantic water in the Kara Sea, J. Geophys. Res., 85(C9), 4937–4942, doi:10.1029/JC085iC09p04937., and (
- Issue published online: 20 SEP 2012
- Article first published online: 20 SEP 2012
- Manuscript Accepted: 3 APR 1980
- Manuscript Received: 9 NOV 1979
Hydrographic data from the Kara Sea show significant storage of freshwater (∼2.5 years of river input). This provides a buffer against large changes in ice and hydrographic conditions that might otherwise result from an anomalous year's runoff. The distribution of freshwater in the Kara Sea closely corresponds to bottom contours, indicating strong bathymetric influence on the spreading pattern. Observations also indicate areas within the Kara Sea in which the upward flux of sensible heat influences the thickness and the extent of ice coverage. Warm, saline Atlantic water which flows into the Kara Sea is particularly important in this regard. However, there is evidence that the flow of Atlantic water bifurcates in the northern reaches of the Kara Sea, so that one portion continues southward while the other curves back and exits with relatively little local heat loss.