Modeling of storm surges in the Bering Sea and Norton Sound
Article first published online: 20 SEP 2012
Copyright 1986 by the American Geophysical Union.
Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans (1978–2012)
Volume 91, Issue C4, pages 5119–5128, 15 April 1986
How to Cite
1986), Modeling of storm surges in the Bering Sea and Norton Sound, J. Geophys. Res., 91(C4), 5119–5128, doi:10.1029/JC091iC04p05119., and (
- Issue published online: 20 SEP 2012
- Article first published online: 20 SEP 2012
- Manuscript Accepted: 31 DEC 1985
- Manuscript Received: 19 AUG 1985
Sea level, currents, and ice distribution are studied in the Bering Sea during storm events. The ice and ice edge are incorporated into storm surge model. The interaction of wind, ice, and water is expressed by the normal and tangential stresses. A numerical grid is established for the Bering Sea, and a second refined grid is constructed for Norton Sound. Construction of open boundary conditions for the water and ice motion and numerical questions related to the application of a large frictional coefficient for ice are also discussed. Storm events from February and March 1982 are analyzed and compared with observations of bottom pressure and ice motion made by NOAA Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory in the Bering Sea and sea level observations at Stebbins, Alaska. The influence of the ice on the storm surge propagation is shown, particularly that of the fast ice in Norton Sound. The model reproduces several observed features of the ice distribution in the Bering Sea, including the “race track” region off Nome, the polynya south of Saint Lawrence Island, and the movement of the ice edge.