Large-scale charge separation in thunderclouds
Article first published online: 21 SEP 2012
Copyright 1985 by the American Geophysical Union.
Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres (1984–2012)
Volume 90, Issue D4, pages 6013–6025, 30 June 1985
How to Cite
1985), Large-scale charge separation in thunderclouds, J. Geophys. Res., 90(D4), 6013–6025, doi:10.1029/JD090iD04p06013.(
- Issue published online: 21 SEP 2012
- Article first published online: 21 SEP 2012
- Manuscript Accepted: 26 NOV 1984
- Manuscript Received: 5 JUL 1984
Currently available evidence for the mechanisms thought to be responsible for large-scale charge separation in thunderclouds is reviewed. The evidence suggests that electrically charged precipitation particles are basic to the electrification process but that convective motions are essential in accounting for the electrical energy of active thunderstorms. The relative contributions of air and particle motions remain largely unquantified, and the physical origins of thundercloud electrification have yet to be established.