Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres

Reactive nitrogen species in the troposphere: Measurements of NO, NO2, HNO3, particulate nitrate, peroxyacetyl nitrate (PAN), O3, and total reactive odd nitrogen (NO y ) at Niwot Ridge, Colorado

Authors

  • D. W. Fahey,

  • G. Hübler,

  • D. D. Parrish,

  • E. J. Williams,

  • R. B. Norton,

  • B. A. Ridley,

  • H. B. Singh,

  • S. C. Liu,

  • F. C. Fehsenfeld


Abstract

Measurements of NO, NO2, HNO3, particulate nitrate, peroxyacetyl nitrate (PAN), O3, and total reactive odd nitrogen (NOy) were made in the nonurban troposphere during the summer and fall of 1984. The field site was located near Niwot Ridge, Colorado, at an elevation of 3 km. NOy was measured by catalytic reduction to NO, followed by the detection of NO with a chemiluminescence instrument. The other species were measured with conventional techniques. The data and interpretation presented focus primarily on the relationships between a measurement of NOy and concurrent measurements of the individual species, as examined through ratio and correlation plots. Through the separate display of daytime and nighttime data, the plots provide insight into the photochemical nature of the individual species. In addition, the composition of NOy is addressed through a comparison of the measured NOy level with that found for the sum of the measured component species. The NOy level systematically exceeded the sum level, with the difference being larger in the summer than in the fall. The presence of organic nitrate species other than PAN is proposed as one way to account for the observed difference.

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