Isotopic ages from the eastern ghats and cuddapahs of India


  • U. Aswathanarayana


Rubidium-strontium and potassium-argon dating of whole rocks and separated biotites from charnockites and granites of the Eastern Ghats delineate two episodes after the culmination of the Eastern Ghats orogeny 1600 m.y. ago: (1) emplacement of charnockites and granites 1300 to 1520 m.y. ago and (2) their subsequent metamorphism and uplift 500 m.y. ago (postdating the deposition of the Cuddapahs). The 500-m.y. cycle is represented in the southwest coast of India (Travancore) and Ceylon, and the age data are consistent with structural and other geological evidence. Whole-rock K-Ar ages of five dolerites emplaced in the Lower Cuddapahs in the western part of the Cuddapah Basin, and of two slates of the Cumbum stage of the Nallamalai series, permit the dating of the following events in the history of the Cuddapah Basin: (1) the initiation of the Cuddapah sedimentation sometime after the completion of the Eastern Ghats orogeny (1600 m.y. ago), but before 1160 m.y. ago (minimum age limit for dolerites), and (2) metamorphism of the Cuddapahs about 500 m.y. ago (as indicated by the slate ages).