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Radio Science

Daytime three-dimensional drifts at Millstone Hill Observatory


  • L. A. Carpenter,

  • V. W. J. H. Kirchhoff


Vertical drift measurements in the topside F region at midlatitudes have confirmed the importance of dynamical processes, but it has been difficult isolating those processes due to E × B drifts from those due to neutral winds. To remove this ambiguity three-dimensional drift measurements were made at Millstone Hill Observatory with the steerable L-band radar in conjunction with the vertical UHF antenna. The geometry of the experiment is discussed and daytime drifts are presented. Unusual lifting of the F-layer peak was observed on two occasions. A reversal in the deduced meridional neutral wind is observed in one case and an enhanced eastward electric field in the other.

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