In this investigation dielectric constant and loss tangent values of coal samples were computed from measurements made at microwave frequencies (8.2–12.4 GHz). Two different waveguide methods were used in the measurements. One technique utilized a finite sample and two reactive terminations, and the other required the use of an infinite sample simulated in the laboratory by a very long specimen. For each of the two Pittsburgh seam coal samples, dielectric constant and loss tangent variations were also measured as a function of moisture. Typical moisture contents of 10% and 15% were examined. Electromagnetic propagation through a single layer of coal seam was then investigated analytically as a function of coal depth.