A model of F2 peak electron densities in the main trough region of the ionosphere


  • Barry W. Halcrow,

  • John S. Nisbet


An empirical model of the peak electron densities in the region of the northerly main trough in the ionospheric F region is presented. The model was derived from measurements made by the satellites Alouette I and II and is in the form of a multiplicative modification factor to the CCIR peak electron density model. The model is a computer program which, when provided with the location, universal time, day number, sunspot number, and Kp index, provides the modification factor, the CCIR model prediction of NmF2, and the new prediction including the effect of the trough. The model is expected to be of considerable use for propagation calculations in the affected region.