A power law fit to oxygen absorption at 60 GHz and its application to remote sensing of atmospheric temperature
Article first published online: 7 DEC 2012
Copyright 1980 by the American Geophysical Union.
Volume 15, Issue 1, pages 25–33, January-February 1980
How to Cite
1980), A power law fit to oxygen absorption at 60 GHz and its application to remote sensing of atmospheric temperature, Radio Sci., 15(1), 25–33, doi:10.1029/RS015i001p00025.(
- Issue published online: 7 DEC 2012
- Article first published online: 7 DEC 2012
- Manuscript Accepted: 23 SEP 1977
- Manuscript Received: 18 JUL 1977
The oxygen spectrum near 60 GHz is studied empirically with emphasis on its application to the passive remote sensing of the tropospheric and lower stratospheric temperature. For this purpose the oxygen absorption coefficient over a certain range of pressure p and temperature T is fitted to the power law form apx Ty, where a, x, and y are frequency-dependent parameters. A root-mean-square relative error of 8% is obtained by best fitting the parameters to the theoretical absorption expressions proposed by Van Vleck and Weisskopf, Gross, and Rosenkranz. This provides a convenient basis for a quantitative comparison of the three theoretical expressions. The power law form also leads to a basic understanding of the remote sensing of the atmospheric temperature profile from airborne spectrometers. Such concepts as height selectivity and resolution can be naturally defined in terms of a, x, y, and the pressure scale height of the atmosphere. As a practical application it is shown how the power law form can help attack the forward and inverse problems in remote sensing. An example is given in treating satellite data from the Nimbus 5 microwave spectrometer.