Model computations of radio wave scintillation caused by equatorial ionospheric bubbles
Article first published online: 7 DEC 2012
Copyright 1980 by the American Geophysical Union.
Volume 15, Issue 3, pages 559–572, May-June 1980
How to Cite
1980), Model computations of radio wave scintillation caused by equatorial ionospheric bubbles, Radio Sci., 15(3), 559–572, doi:10.1029/RS015i003p00559., , and (
- Issue published online: 7 DEC 2012
- Article first published online: 7 DEC 2012
- Manuscript Accepted: 26 OCT 1979
- Manuscript Received: 25 OCT 1979
In situ data measured on board AE satellites and rockets reveal spiky and wedgelike electron density structures inside the equatorial ionospheric bubbles. Two models are constructed to simulate the initial stage and fully developed stage of a bubble. Effects of radio propagation through such bubbles are simulated by solving the parabolic equation numerically. The results show that even though the amplitude scintillation at 136 MHz appears to be stationary, such is not the case at gigahertz frequencies. Instead, the amplitude at gigahertz frequencies shows outbursts with large excursions whenever the direct ray intersects the spicky ionization structure. Both the peak-to-peak excursion and the amplitude distribution cannot be predicted by the scintillation theory that assumes the medium to be random.