Time dispersion of electromagnetic pulses by the ionosphere
Article first published online: 7 DEC 2012
Copyright 1980 by the American Geophysical Union.
Volume 15, Issue 3, pages 645–654, May-June 1980
How to Cite
1980), Time dispersion of electromagnetic pulses by the ionosphere, Radio Sci., 15(3), 645–654, doi:10.1029/RS015i003p00645., and (
- Issue published online: 7 DEC 2012
- Article first published online: 7 DEC 2012
- Manuscript Accepted: 3 JAN 1980
- Manuscript Received: 5 DEC 1979
This paper reviews the temporal dispersive effects suffered by electromagnetic pulses during transmission or reflection by the ionosphere. A qualitative description of intrinsic plasma, geometrical (refractive and diffractive), and geomagnetic dispersion is presented. Also, tables that summarize previous research studies are given to indicate the variety of pulse signal formats and ionospheric conditions that have been considered.