Numerical analysis of transient fields near thin-wire antennas and scatterers


  • J. A. Landt


Under the premise that ‘accelerated charge radiates,’ one would expect radiation on wire structures to occur from driving points, ends of wires, bends in wires, or locations of lumped loading. Here, this premise is investigated in a series of numerical experiments. The numerical procedure is based on a moment-method solution of a thin-wire time-domain electric-field integral equation. The fields in the vicinity of wire structures are calculated for short impulsive-type excitations, and are viewed in a series of time sequences or snapshots. For these excitations, the fields are spatially limited in the radial dimension, and expand in spheres centered about points of radiation. These centers of radiation coincide with the above list of possible source regions. Time retardation permits these observations to be made clearly in the time domain, similar to time-range gating. In addition to providing insight into transient radiation processes, these studies show that the direction of energy flow is not always defined by Poynting's vector near wire structures.