Ionospheric absorption of the extraordinary wave

Authors

  • E. O. Olatunji


Abstract

Characteristics of x wave absorption are investigated by using the phase integral method. For various noon models of the mid-latitude ionosphere, empirical relations are derived to represent the dependence on wave frequency, dip angle, and gyrofrequency, and to take account of seasonal changes. A quantitative relationship between x wave and o wave absorption is established.

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