ZDR measurement considerations for a fast scan capability radar


  • M. Sachidananda,

  • D. S. Zrnic'


This paper discusses the possibility of incorporating differential reflectivity (ZDR) measurement in Doppler radars having fast scan capability, without compromising the accuracy of the spectral moment estimates. The presently established technique of ZDR measurement using alternate sampling of horizontally and vertically polarized signals (H and V) has long acquisition time and reduced maximum unambiguous velocity. It is shown that ZDR acquisition time can be reduced significantly by simultaneously sampling H and V signals and range averaging, which does not compromise spectral moments estimation capability and volume update time. An analysis of variance of ZDR suggests that accurate estimation of ZDR at scan rates of 18° s−1 is possible only if correlation between simultaneously received horizontally and vertically polarized echoes is better than 0.995. A theoretical investigation of all the factors that contribute to the decorrelation established that this indeed is the case for rain media. A scheme for ZDR measurement is suggested which uses +45° and −45° polarized transmissions alternately and simultaneous reception of H and V signals to compensate for bias error due to propagation. Further, a method for nearly eliminating the bias error due to receiver mismatch is suggested.