Standing wave pattern of HF radio waves in the ionospheric reflection region: 1. General Formulas
Article first published online: 7 DEC 2012
Copyright 1985 by the American Geophysical Union.
Volume 20, Issue 4, pages 947–958, July-August 1985
How to Cite
1985), Standing wave pattern of HF radio waves in the ionospheric reflection region: 1. General Formulas, Radio Sci., 20(4), 947–958, doi:10.1029/RS020i004p00947., and (
- Issue published online: 7 DEC 2012
- Article first published online: 7 DEC 2012
- Manuscript Accepted: 31 JAN 1985
- Manuscript Received: 26 OCT 1984
General formulas for the accurate computing of the field strength near the reflection point of an electromagnetic wave impinging vertically upon a horizontally stratified ionosphere are derived by means of a uniform approximation valid throughout the whole reflection region. Smoothly varying profiles of general shape but with the gross features determined by the presence of one or two transition points are assumed. Coupling and nonlinear effects are not explicitly included. Since the uniform approximation method is analytic in its essence, it is in many respects more versatile than existing brute force numerical methods.