The MU radar with an active phased array system: 1. Antenna and power amplifiers


  • Shoichiro Fukao,

  • Toru Sato,

  • Toshitaka Tsuda,

  • Susumu Kato,

  • Koichiro Wakasugi,

  • Tsuneichi Makihira


The MU (middle and upper atmosphere) radar of Japan is a 46.5-MHz pulse-modulated monostatic Doppler radar with an active phased array system. The nominal beam width is 3.6° and the peak radiation power is 1 MW with maximum average power of 50 kW. The system is composed of 475 crossed three-subelement yagi antennas and an equivalent number of solid state power amplifiers (transmitter-receiver modules). Each yagi antenna is driven by a transmitter-receiver module with peak output power of 2.4 kW. This system configuration enables very fast and almost continuous beam steering that has not been realized by other mesosphere-stratosphere-troposphere radars. Also, a variety of sophisticated operations are made feasible by dividing the antenna array into several independent subarrays. A brief description of the system, particularly its antenna and power amplifiers, is presented herein.