HF sideband generation in the ionosphere


  • S. T. Noble,

  • W. E. Gordon,

  • L. M. Duncan,

  • J. E. McCoy


The temporal development of sidebands excited near sunrise by two strong HF waves separated by a few hertz is presented. Sidebands are not observed before sunrise when the ionospheric critical frequency is less than the heater frequency. As the ionospheric density increases following sunrise and overdense conditions are established, strong sidebands emerge. Even though these results favor a mechanism which phase modulates the reflected HF wave over one which first downconverts the HF power to ULF before exciting sidebands, it is possible that either mechanism could at times contribute to sideband production.