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Three years of specific immunotherapy with house-dust-mite extracts in patients with rhinitis and asthma: significant improvement of allergen-specific parameters and of nonspecific bronchial hyperreactivity

Authors


Werner J. Pichler, MD, Division of Allergology
Clinic for Rheumatology and Clinical Immunology/Allergology
University Hospital
3010 Bern
Switzerland

Abstract

Twenty-seven patients with allergy to house-dust mite and the clinical symptoms of perennial rhinitis and/or mild asthma were treated with specific immunotherapy (SIT) with standardized extracts of house-dust mite for 3 years. The success of therapy was evaluated in yearly intervals by

1) subjective rhinitis and asthma scores

2) allergen-specific skin and conjunctival tests

3) nonspecific bronchial hyperreactivity to methacholine

4) medication scores of rhinitis and asthma.

SIT induced a significant improvement of all parameters already after 1 year, with further improvement in the follow-up measurements at 2 and 3 years. We found a constant improvement of the rhinitis and asthma symptom scores, a reduced reactivity in the skin prick and conjunctival provocation tests, and a constantly increasing reduction of bronchial hyperreactivity to methacholine. Concomitantly, the use of medication (topical corticosteroids, β2-mimetics, and antihistamines) was reduced. Our data support the concept that SIT with standardized extracts of house-dust mite results in an improvement of allergen-specific parameters in patients with perennial rhinitis and intermittent asthma. This beneficial effect of SIT on allergen-specific immune parameters seems to induce also a diminution of nonspecific bronchial hyperreactivity and enables reduction of symptomatic treatment.

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