Allergy to millet: another risk for atopic bird keepers
Version of Record online: 17 APR 2003
Volume 58, Issue 4, pages 325–328, April 2003
How to Cite
Bohle, B., Hirt, W., Nachbargauer, P., Ebner, H. and Ebner, C. (2003), Allergy to millet: another risk for atopic bird keepers. Allergy, 58: 325–328. doi: 10.1034/j.1398-9995.2003.00101.x
- Issue online: 17 APR 2003
- Version of Record online: 17 APR 2003
- Accepted for publication 19 December 2002
- allergic sensitization;
- food allergy;
Background: Millet has been reported to induce not very frequent but severe anaphylactic reactions following ingestion. Seven individuals who all kept cage birds experienced allergic reactions after ingestion of millet-containing food.
Methods: We investigated the immunoglobulin E (IgE)-reactivity of these individuals to millet employing immunoblotting, RAST and skin prick tests. As the sensitization possibly occurred via the inhalant route we investigated millet-specific IgE levels of 16 additional sera from bird keepers with proven atopy, in retrospect.
Results: All patients who had experienced reactions after ingestion of millet displayed millet-specific IgE. Sixty-three percent of the atopic bird keepers possessed millet-specific IgE. By means of immunoblotting three major allergens in millet extract were detected.
Conclusions: Our results indicate that millet plays an important role as inhalant allergen for atopic bird keepers. A sensitization to millet may subsequently also elicit food allergy.