• 1
    Vignola A, Chanez P, Godard P, Bousquet J. Relationships between rhinitis and asthma. Allergy 1998;53: 833839.
  • 2
    Bousquet J, Cauwenberge Pv, Khaltaev N, in collaboration with the World Health Organization Allergic rhinitis and its impact on asthma. J Allergy Clin Immunol 2001;108: S147S334.
  • 3
    Leynaert B, Neukirch F, Demoly P, Bousquet J. Epidemiologic evidence for asthma and rhinitis comorbidity. J Allergy Clin Immunol 2000;106: S201S205.
  • 4
    Vignola A, Bousquet J. Rhinitis and asthma: a continuum of disease? Clin Exp Allergy 2001;31: 674677.
  • 5
    Huovinen E, Kaprio J, Laitinen L, Koskenvuo M. Incidence and prevalence of asthma among adult finnish men and women of the Finnish twin cohort from 1975 to 1990, and their relation to hay fever and chronic bronchitis. Chest 1999;115: 928936.
  • 6
    Leynaert B, Bousquet J, Neukirch C, Liard R, Neukirch F. Perennial rhinitis: an independent risk factor for asthma in nonatopic subjects. J Allergy Clin Immunol 1999;104: 301304.
  • 7
    Guerra S, Sherrill D, Martinez F, Barbee R. Rhinitis as an independent risk factor for adult-onset asthma. J Allergy Clin Immunol 2002;109: 419-425.
  • 8
    Settipane R, Hagy G, Settipane G. Long-term risk factors for developing asthma and allergic rhinitis: A 23-year follow-up study of college students. Allergy Proc 1994;15: 2125.
  • 9
    Settipane R, Hagy G, Settipane G. Co-existence of asthma and allergic rhinitis: A 23-year follow-up study of college students. Allergy Asthma Proc 1998;19: 185188.
  • 10
    Plaschke P, Janson C, Norrman E, Bjornsson E, Ellbjar S, Jarvholm B. Onset and remission of allergic rhinitis and asthma and the relationship with atopic sensitization and smoking. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2000;162: 920924.
  • 11
    Toelle B, Peat J, Salome C, Mellis C, Woolcock A. Toward a definition of asthma for epidemiology. Am Rev Respir Dis 1992;146: 633637.
  • 12
    Peat J, Toelle B, Marks G, Mellis C. Continuing the debate about measuring asthma in population studies. Thorax 2001;56: 406411.
  • 13
    Sterk P, Fabbri L, Quanjer PH, Cockcroft DW, O'Byrne PM, Anderson SD, Juniper EF, Malo JL. Airway responsiveness. Standardized challenge testing with pharmacological, physical and sensitizing stimuli in adults. Report working party standardization of lung function tests European Community for Steel and Coal. Official statement of the European Respiratory Society. Eur Respir J 1993;6(Suppl. 16):5383.
  • 14
    American Thoracic Society. Guidelines for methacholine and exercise challenge testing. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 1999;161: 309329.
  • 15
    Laprise C, Boulet L. Asymptomatic airway hyperresponsiveness: a three-year follow-up. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 1997;156: 403409.
  • 16
    Gautrin D, Ghezzo H, Infante-Rivard C, Malo JL. Incidence and determinants of IgE-mediated sensitization in apprentices: a prospective study. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2000;162: 12221228.
  • 17
    Gautrin D, Infante-Rivard C, Ghezzo H, Malo JL. Incidence and host determinants of probable occupational asthma in apprentices exposed to laboratory animals. Am J Respir Crit care Med 2001;163: 899904.
  • 18
    Archambault S, Malo JL, Infante-Rivard C, Ghezzo H, Gautrin D. Incidence of sensitization, symptoms and probable occupational rhinoconjunctivitis and asthma in apprentices starting exposure to latex. J Allergy Clin Immunol 2001;107: 921923.
  • 19
    Gautrin D, Ghezzo H, Infante-Rivard C, Malo JL. Incidence and host determinants of work-related rhinoconjunctivitis in apprentice pastry makers. Allergy 2002;57: 913918.
  • 20
    Gautrin D, Infante-Rivard C, Dao T, Magnan-Larose M, Desjardins D, Malo JL. Specific IgE-dependent sensitization, atopy and bronchial hyperresponsiveness in apprentices starting exposure to protein-derived agents. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 1997;155: 18411847.
  • 21
    Burney PGJ, Laitinen LA, Perdrizet S, Huckauf H, Tattersfield AE, Chinn S, Poisson N, Heeren A, Britton JR, Jones T. Validity and repeatability of the IUATLD (1984) bronchial symptoms questionnaire: an international comparison. Eur Respir J 1989;2: 940945.
  • 22
    Troyanov S, Malo JL, Cartier A, Gautrin D. Frequency and determinants of exaggerated bronchoconstriction during shortened methacholine challenge tests in epidemiological and clinical set-ups. Eur Respir J 2000;16: 914.
  • 23
    Malo JL, Pineau L, Cartier A, Martin R. Reference values of the provocative concentrations of methacholine that cause 6% and 20% changes in forced expiratory volume in one second in a normal population. Am Rev Respir Dis 1983;128: 811.
  • 24
    Dehaut P, Rachiele A, Martin R, Malo JL. Histamine dose-response curves in asthma: reproducibility and sensitivity of different indices to assess response. Thorax 1983;38: 516522.
  • 25
    Sears M. Immunogobulin E and atopy. In: BarnesPJ, GrunsteinMM, LeffAR, WoolcockAJ, editors, Asthma. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott-Raven Publishers, 1997: 7182.
  • 26
    Jansen D, Timens W, Draan J, Rijcken B, Postma D. (A) Symptomatic bronchial hyper-responsiveness and asthma. Respir Med 1997;91: 121134.
  • 27
    Zhong NS, Chen RC, Yang MO, Wu ZY, Zheng JP, Li YF. Is asymptomatic bronchial hyperresponsiveness an indication of potential asthma? A two-year follow-up of young student with bronchial hyperresponsiveness. Chest 1992;22: 11041109.
  • 28
    Sparrow D, O'Connor GT, Basner RC, Rosner B, Weiss ST. Predictors of the new onset of wheezing among middle-aged and older men. Am Rev Respir Dis 1993;147: 367371.
  • 29
    Xu X, Rijcken B, Schouten JP, Weiss ST. Airways responsiveness and development and remission of chronic respiratory symptoms in adults. Lancet 1997;350: 14311434.