• acceptor splice site;
  • α- l-iduronidase ;
  • MPS IH/S;
  • novel mutations

DNA screening for mutations in the α- l-iduronidase (IDUA) gene was performed in a Chinese mucopolysaccharidosis type IH/S patient. The patient had two different mutations: the maternal allele has L346R (t–g transversion in codon 346) and the paternal allele has 388-3c–g (c–g transversion at position -3 of the 3′ splice site of intron 2). In transfected COS-7 cells, L346R showed no appreciable IDUA activity (0.4% of normal activity), although it did not cause an apparent reduction in IDUA mRNA or protein level. The 388-3c–g mutation profoundly affects normal splicing leading to a very unstable mRNA. Expression of the IDUA cDNA containing the mutated acceptor splice site showed trace amounts of enzyme activity (1.6% of normal activity). The results provide further support for the importance of cytosine at the -3 position in RNA processing.