Molecular analysis of HLA-DRB1, -DQA1 and -DQB1 polymorphism in Turkey


Correspondence to:Dr. Güher Saruhan-Direskeneli
İstanbul Üniversitesi İstanbul Tıp Fakültesi
Fizyoloji AD 34390
Çapa Istanbul
Tel/Fax: +90 212 533 94 68



This study is supported by a grant (SBAG1529) from TÜBITAK (Turkish Research Council) and the Research Fund of the University of Istanbul.


We report the evaluation of MHC class II polymorphism in the population of Turkey. HLA-DRB1, -DQA1 and -DQB1 have been investigated by polymerase chain reaction and sequence-specific oligonucleotide probe hybridisations (PCR/SSO) and sequence-specific priming (SSP) in 250 randomly selected healthy individuals. We also report the allelic distribution of these genes. The most frequent alleles detected were DRB1*1101 (0.104), *0301 (0.092), *0701 (0.090), DQA1*0501 (0.334), *0102 (0.164) and *03 (0.148) and DQB1*0301 (0.256), *02 (0.164), *0302 (0.128). The frequent ‘putative’ three-locus haplotypes carry the most frequent alleles at these loci. The most frequently detected class II “haplotypes” are DRB1*1101 DQA1*0501 DQB1*0301 (0.100), DRB1*0301 DQA1*0501 DQB1*02 (0.092) and DRB1*0701 DQA1*0201 DQB1*02 (0.072). The distribution of alleles and ‘putative’ haplotypes has shown common features with other Mediterranean populations. The results extend the HLA map to another Mediterranean country and provide a database for further HLA-disease association studies and transplantation applications.