• parenteral nutrition – children – chronic liver disease

Abstract: Nutritional support is often necessary in chronic liver disease in childhood, and when enteral nutrition is insufficient, parenteral nutrition (PN) can be envisaged as a last resort. Pediatric experience is still limited in this indication. Seven children with severe liver disease received PN for a mean duration of 105 d, with additional enteral nutrition. Clinical tolerance was assessed and anthropometric and biological data were compared at the beginning and at the end of the study by the paired non-parametric test of Wilcoxon. Weight change, expressed as weight-for-age or weight-for-height Z-scores, increased. Conjugated bilirubin increased significantly. This retrospective study suggests that PN is a well-tolerated method for maintaining nutritional status in pediatric chronic liver disease when enteral nutrition has failed.