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Response of the cultivated tomato and its wild salt-tolerant relative Lycopersiconpennellii to salt-dependent oxidative stress: The root antioxidative system

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* Corresponding author, e-mail: motal@bgumail.bgu.ac.il

Abstract

The response of the antioxidant system to salt stress was studied in the roots of the cultivated tomato Lycopersicon esculentum Mill. cv. M82 (Lem) and its wild salt-tolerant relative L. pennellii (Corr.) D'Arcy accession Atico (Lpa). Roots of control and salt (100 mM NaCl)-stressed plants were sampled at various times after commencement of salinization. A gradual increase in the membrane lipid peroxidation in salt-stressed root of Lem was accompanied with decreased activities of the antioxidant enzymes: superoxide dismutase (SOD; EC 1.15.1.1), catalase (CAT; EC 1.11.1.6), ascorbate peroxidase (APX; EC 1.11.1.11) and decreased contents of the antioxidants ascorbate and glutathione and their redox states. In contrast, increased activities of the SOD, CAT, APX, monodehydroascorbate reductase (MDHAR; EC 1.6.5.4), and increased contents of the reduced forms of ascorbate and glutathione and their redox states were found in salt-stressed roots of Lpa, in which the level of membrane lipid peroxidation remained unchanged. It seems that the better protection of Lpa roots from salt-induced oxidative damage results, at least partially, from the increased activity of their antioxidative system.

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