Dallis grass (Paspalum dilatatum Poir.) is a C4/NADP-ME gramineae, previously classified as semi-tolerant to cold, although a complete study on this species acclimation process under a long-term chilling and controlled environmental conditions has never been conducted. In the present work, plants of the variety Raki maintained at 25/18°C (day/night) (control) were compared with plants under a long-term chilling at 10/8°C (day/night) (cold-acclimated) in order to investigate how growth and carbon assimilation mechanisms are engaged in P. dilatatum chilling tolerance. Although whole plant mean relative growth rate (mean RGR) and leaf growth were significantly decreased by cold exposure, chilling did not impair plant development nor favour the investment in biomass below ground. Cold-acclimated P. dilatatum cv. Raki had a lower leaf chlorophyll content, but a higher photosynthetic capacity at optimal temperatures, its range being shifted to lower values. Associated with this higher capacity to use the reducing power in CO2 assimilation, cold-acclimated plants further showed a higher capacity to oxidize the primary stable quinone electron acceptor of PSII, QA. The activity and activation of phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase (PEPC; EC and ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase (Rubisco; EC were not significantly affected by the long-term chilling. Cold-acclimated P. dilatatum cv. Raki apparently showed a lower transfer of excitation energy from the light-harvesting complex of photosystem II to the respective reaction centre and enhancement of radiationless energy-dissipating mechanisms at suboptimal temperatures. Overall, long-term chilling resulted in several effects that comprise responses with an intermediate character of both chilling-tolerant and –sensitive plants, which seem to play a significant role in the survival and acclimation of P. dilatatum cv. Raki at low temperature.