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Keywords:

  • bipolar;
  • comorbidity;
  • depression;
  • outcome;
  • suicide

Objectives: To ascertain the clinical implications of psychiatric comorbidity in the course and outcome of bipolar I patients. Methods: One hundred and twenty-nine bipolar I outpatients in remission [Young Mania Rating Scale (Y-MRS)<7, Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HDRS)<9] were assessed by means of the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-III-R axis I and axis II (SCID-I and SCID-II) in order to detect all possible psychiatric comorbid diagnoses. The sample was split according to the presence of psychiatric comorbidity and the groups were compared. Results: Psychiatric comorbidity was detected in 31% of the sample. A higher number of mixed features, depressive episodes and suicide attempts and a predominance of depressive onset amongst comorbid bipolar patients were the most relevant differences between the two groups. Conclusions: There is an association between depression, suicidality and comorbidity in bipolar I disorder. As comorbidity had a clear relevance in the course and outcome of bipolar illness, this issue should be specifically assessed in clinical practice.