A pilot study of loading versus titration of valproate in the treatment of acute mania
Article first published online: 25 SEP 2002
Volume 4, Issue 5, pages 341–345, October 2002
How to Cite
Oluboka, O., Bird, D., Kutcher, S. and Kusumakar, V. (2002), A pilot study of loading versus titration of valproate in the treatment of acute mania. Bipolar Disorders, 4: 341–345. doi: 10.1034/j.1399-5618.2002.01224.x
- Issue published online: 25 SEP 2002
- Article first published online: 25 SEP 2002
- Received 30 November 2001, revised and accepted for publication 19 April 2002
Objective: This double-blind pilot study compares the effectiveness and incidence of adverse effects of oral loading versus titration schedules of valproate in acute mania.
Method: Consecutive new admissions for an acute manic episode were prescribed either an oral loading dose (20 mg/kg/day; n=5; mean age=33.4) or slower titration dose (10 mg/kg/day; n=6, mean age=30.6) of valproate for 7 days without other psychotropic agents, with the exception of benzodiazepines. Daily outcome measures included: serum valproic acid levels, the Young Mania Rating Scale (YMRS), the Brief Psychiatry Rating Scale (BPRS), the Clinical Global Impression Scale (CGI) and the Adverse Effect Rating Scale.
Results: The mean serum valproic acid levels were significantly higher in the loading group when compared with the titration group after 1 and 2 days following the initiation of treatment (p < 0.05). After 3 days of treatment there was a trend for the group that received the loading regimen to have slightly more improvement in YMRS scores compared with the titration group. Side-effects were minor for both treatments, however, a higher incidence of side-effects was reported in the titration group, with 50% of patients reporting sedation most likely because of increased use of benzodiazepines.
Conclusion: This suggests that a loading dose of valproate is likely safe and may provide an earlier onset of antimanic effects in patients with bipolar disorder. Future studies with larger sample sizes are indicated.