Hinze-Selch D. Infection, treatment and immune response in patients with bipolar disorder versus patients with major depression, schizophrenia or healthy controls.
Bipolar Disord 2002: 4(Suppl. 1): 81–83. ©Blackwell Munksgaard, 2002
Bipolar disorder is the least studied among the three major psychiatric disorders of schizophrenia, major depression and bipolar disorder. Furthermore, investigations on infection and immunity in bipolar disorder make up only a small portion of the sparse research done on this disorder. However, there are reports that modulation of the immune system and certain infections might be associated with bipolar disorder and that there might be differences between bipolar and the other disorders. The purpose of this paper is to briefly review published data on these issues in bipolar versus the other disorders, and to present an ongoing clinical study on the putative involvement of infection with the parasite Toxoplasma gondii in these three major psychiatric disorders.